Danish Pavilion

Denmark has taken part in the Venice Biennale since its inauguration in 1895. The first Venice Biennale took place in the Palazzo d’ Esposizioni, today known as the main exhibition’s Central Pavilion, in the Giardini di Castello. Here, Denmark was represented in one or two rooms. However, during the years the Biennale grew to a much greater size than the central exhibition building could accommodate. So, from 1907 onwards, a number of countries started to build national pavilions in the park around the Palazzo d’ Esposizioni. Since then, an increasing number of national pavilions have seen the light of day, also outside the park - and in the last couple of Biennales more than 50 nations have taken part.

Photo: Anders Sune Berg

The Danish Pavilion consists of two joint buildings and is situated in the Giardini di Castello, close to the main entrance. The main building dates from 1932 and was designed by the architect Carl Brummer (1864-1953). It comprises a large Neo-Classical rectangular space with skylights, which from outside is dominated by a colonnade covering the entire façade.

In the post-war years requirements started to change: not least in terms of the size of the Danish Pavilion. As such it became imperative to find a new solution. For a while, a possible plan was to demolish the existing Brummer-building and to take part in the establishment of a joint Nordic pavilion. However, this plan was abandoned and instead it was decided to build an extension to the existing building. The commission was given to the architect, Peter Koch (1905-1980) in 1960, who created a functional and modern extension of yellow brick with a flat roof.

The Danish Pavillion in Venice.

The Danish Pavilion from 1895-2017

2017    Commissioner: Danish Arts Foundation Committee for Visual Arts Project Funding

  • Kirstine Roepstorff

2015    Commissioner: Danish Arts Foundation Committee for Visual Arts Project Funding

  • Danh Vo

2013    Commissioner: Danish Arts Council Committee for International Visual Arts  

  • Jesper Just

2011    CommissionerDanish Arts Council Committee for International Visual Arts

  • Curator Katerina Gregos

Artists represented: Agency, Ayreen Anastas & Rene Gabri, Robert Crumb, Stelios Faitakis, FOS, Sharon Hayes, Han Hoogerbrugge, Mikhail Karikis, Thomas Kilpper, Runo Lagomarsino, Tala Madani, Wendelien van Oldenborgh, Lilibeth Cuenca Rasmussen, Taryn Simon, Jan Švankmajer, Johannes af Tavsheden, Tilman Wendland, Zhang Dali

2009    Commissioner: Danish Arts Council Committee for International Visual Arts and The Nordic Committee

  • Artists / Curators Michael Elmgreen & Ingar Dragset

Artists represented: Thora Dolven Balke, Massimo Bartolini, Hernan Bas, Guillaume Bijl, Maurizio Cattelan, Elmgreen & Dragset, Pepe Espaliú, Tom of Finland, Simon Fujiwara, Han & Him, Laura Horelli, Martin Jacobson, William E. Jones, Terence Koh, Jani Leinonen, Klara Lidén, Jonathan Monk, Nico Muhly, Norway Says, Henrik Olesen, Nina Saunders, Vibeke Slyngstad, Sturtevant og Wolfgang Tillmans.

2007    Commissioner: Holger Reenberg

  • Troels Wörsel

2005    Commissioner: Sanne Kofod Olsen og Jacob Fabricius

  • Eva Koch
  • Joachim Koester
  • Peter Land
  • Ann Lislegaard
  • Gitte Villesen

2003    Commissioner: Gitte Ørskou

  • Olafur Eliasson

2001    Commissioner: Sanne Kofod Olsen og Dorthe Abildgaard

  • Ursula Reuter Christiansen
  • Henning Christiansen

1999    Commissioner: Marianne Torp og Jêrome Sans

  • Peter Bonde
  • Jason Rhoades  

1997    Commissioner: Lene Burkard

  • Kirsten Ortwed

1995    Commissioner: Mette Wivel

  • John Olsen

1993    Commissioner: Marianne Barbusse

  • Jørn Larsen

1990    Commissioner: Helle Behrndt

  • Torben Ebbesen  

1988    Commissioner: Leila Krogh

  • Poul Gernes

1986    Commissioner: Hans Edward Nørregård-Nielsen

  • Arne Haugen Sørensen

1984    Commissioner: Charlotte Christensen

  • Anders Kirkegaard
  • Hans Chr. Rylander

1982    Commissioner: Eva Sørensen

  • Eva Sørensen

1980    Commissioner: Charlotte Christensen

  • Per Kirkeby
  • Bjørn Nørgaard   

1978   Commissioner: Bjørn Springfeldt

  • Stig Brøgger
  • Hein Heinsen
  • Mogens Møller

1976    Commissioner: Grethe Grathwol    

  • Willy Ørskov

1972    Commissioner: Ejner Johansson   

  • Henry Heerup

1970    Commissioner: Ejner Johansson  

  • Egon Fischer

1968    Commissioner: Lars Rostrup Bøyesen 

  • Mogens Andersen
  • Frede Christoffersen

1966    Commissioner: Ejner Johansson

  • Robert Jacobsen

1964    Commissioner: Erik Fischer 

  • Svend Wiig Hansen

1962    Commissioner: Jan Zibrandtsen

  • Henry Heerup
  • Carl Henning Pedersen

1960   Commissioner: Jørn Rubow 

  • Richard Mortensen

1958    Commissioner: Erik Fischer 

  • Povl Christensen
  • Jørgen Haugen Sørensen
  • Palle Nielsen
  • Sigurd Vasegaard

1956    Commissioner: Jørn Rubow

  • Egill Jacobsen
  • Erik Thommesen

1954    Commissioner: Jørn Rubow

  • Knud Agger
  • Arno Axelsen
  • Axel Bentzen
  • Lauritz Hartz
  • Svend Wiig Hansen

1952   Commissioner: Jørn Rubow 

  • Johannes Bjerg
  • Mogens Bøggild
  • Gottfred Eickhoff
  • Adam Fischer
  • Gerhard Henning
  • Vilhelm Lundstrøm
  • Henrik Starcke

1950    Commissioner: Jørn Rubow 

  • Knud Nellemose
  • Jens Søndergaard
  • Edvard Weie

1948    Commissioner: Leo Swane  

  • Ejler Bille
  • Thorvald Hagedorn –Olsen
  • Olivia Holm-Møller
  • Egill Jacobsen
  • Gudmund Lervad
  • Richard Mortensen
  • Astrid Noack
  • Carl-Henning Pedersen
  • Ulf Rasmussen
  • Elof Risebye
  • William Scharff
  • Henrik Starcke
  • Christine Swane

1942    Commissioner: Leo Swane 

  • Knud Agger
  • Karl Bovin
  • Niels Grønbech
  • J. Holmgren-Gudmundsen
  • V. Haagen-Müller
  • Th. Hagedorn-Olsen
  • Axel P. Jensen
  • Helge Jensen
  • J.A. Jerichau
  • Niels Lergaard
  • Vilhelm Lundstrøm
  • Svend Rathsack
  • Olaf Rude
  • Axel Skjelborg
  • Einar Utzon-Frank
  • Carl Østerbye

1938    Commissioner: Leo Swane 

  • Niels Hansen Jacobsen
  • Niels Larsen Stevns
  • J.F. Willumsen

1936    Commissioner: Fr. Graae / Leo Swane 

  • Johannes Bjerg
  • Mogens Bøggild
  • Gottfred Eickhoff
  • Jean Gauguin
  • Henry Heerup
  • Gerhard Henning
  • Paul Kiærskou
  • Knud Kyhn
  • Kai Nielsen
  • Svend Rathsack
  • William Scharff
  • Arnoff Thomsen
  • Einar Utzon-Frank
  • J.F. Willumsen

1934    Commissioner: Fr. Graae / Leo Swane 

  • Axel Bentzen
  • Harald Giersing
  • Oluf Høst
  • Olaf Rude
  • Jens Søndergaard
  • Sigurd Swane
  • Ernst Zeuthen

1932    Commissioner: Fr. Graae 

  • Poul S. Christiansen
  • Vilhelm Hammershøi
  • Valdemar Irminger
  • Viggo Johansen
  • Johannes Larsen
  • Ejnar Nielsen
  • Kai Nielsen
  • Julius Paulsen
  • Theodor Philipsen
  • L.A. Ring
  • Joakim Skovgaard
  • Agnes Slott-Møller
  • Niels Larsen Stevns
  • Fritz Syberg
  • Herman Vedel
  • J.F. Willumsen
  • Kristian Zahrtmann

1909    Commissioner: P.S. Krøyer 

  • P.S. Krøyer

1907    Commissioner: P.S. Krøyer 

  • Ludvig Find
  • P.S. Krøyer
  • Laurits Tuxen

1903    Commissioner: P.S. Krøyer 

  • Michael Ancher
  • Vilhelm Hammershøi
  • P.S. Krøyer
  • Laurits Tuxen

1901    Commissioner: P.S. Krøyer 

  • Michael Ancher
  • Peter Ilsted
  • Valdemar Irminger
  • Niels Pedersen Mols
  • Theodor Philipsen
  • Fritz Syberg

1899    Commissioner: P.S. Krøyer 

  • Georg Achen
  • Michael Ancher
  • P.S. Krøyer
  • Viggo Johansen
  • Carl Locher
  • Niels Pedersen Mols
  • Julius Paulsen
  • Bertha Wegmann

1897    Commissioner: P.S. Krøyer 

  • Georg Achen
  • Michael Ancher
  • Peter Severin Krøyer
  • Niels Pedersen Mols
  • Thorvald Niss
  • Julius Paulsen
  • Ole Pedersen
  • Christian Zacho
  • Kristian Zahrtmann

1895    Commissioner: P.S. Krøyer 

  • Georg Achen
  • Michael Ancher
  • Peter Severin Krøyer
  • Julius Paulsen
  • Viggo Pedersen
  • Laurits Tuxen

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